Systems Thinking About Action: Complexity

The global pandemic situation has provided us with a lesson in complexity by giving us much to see, learn, and

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Spectrum Thinking and Complex Systems

Systems thinking requires spectrum thinking. People must be able to see things on a gradient, rather than in absolute compartments. Students can’t be faulted too much for having a hard time with this when they are graded based on letters where a B+ is a 79 and an A- is one percentage point higher, yet the mere presence of a B (anything) on a transcript can mean the difference between an award, admission, or a job and not.

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